In general, three main stages are identified in the development of the Internet: Web 1.0, Web 2.0, and finally, Web 3.0.
The first and most basic version of the Internet was Web 1.0. Since it was a constant, web users used web pages to perform tasks such as searching and reading content. That’s it. It was “read only” on the Internet.
Instead of using an information base, standard file systems were used to provide information. No interaction on websites. Because of this, we were able to quickly transition to a Web 2.0 framework.
The rise of the dot-com and the rise of digital giants like Facebook and Google led to Web 2.0. Compared to Web 1.0, Web 2.0 gave people more ways to interact with the content they found online.
People can write comments, upload photos or videos, or send text messages through the website. The Internet we see and interact with today is Web 2.0.
Another defining feature of Web 2.0 is that non-developers can interact with websites and add content. Through it people were also able to earn money from their creative activities.
Despite its many advantages, Web 2.0 has been hampered by a lack of information security. As a result, the issue of information security became a major topic of discussion.
Initially, customers were happy to share their personal information in exchange for free access to Internet services. However, problems arose when large companies began compiling giant databases of customer information and then began selling that information for their own profit. It reminds me of the massive Facebook data breach.
Information leaks and other attacks on these massive information platforms can happen at any time. Problems like these led to the advent of Web 3.0.
The websites of the future will be designed to solve the problems that have arisen in Web 2.0.
Blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies are driving decentralization for the next generation of the Internet. The goal of Web 3.0 is for users to own and control their own information. It aims to remove the presence of large technology businesses as middlemen so that individuals can provide services to each other and manage the Internet resources they use.
What are the basic components of Web 3?
Today’s Internet is basically the same as we had it in 2010, except for a few new features. However, Web3 could bring about a major change in the way we use and interact with the Internet.
We can conclude that Web3 is the new era of the decentralized Internet, which means that consumers can get any Internet service they want without third-party Internet service providers interfering with our privacy or restricting our use of the Internet.
Now let us review the basic components of Web3 —
We have already seen that Web3 is built on top of blockchain technology. Information is decentralized on a blockchain network so that people can own their information and exchange it without fear of losing control over it. Since no third party is involved, information leakage is impossible, allowing users to securely log into multiple services.
Also, blockchain is essential for cryptocurrencies, which is another Web3 component. NFT tokens that power Web3 transactions are also based on blockchain technology.
Although Web 2.0 has a role of artificial intelligence (AI), it is still driven by large IT companies. In Web 3.0, Artificial Intelligence (AI) will be used for decentralization.
Augmented Reality/Virtual Reality (AR/VR)
Metaverse, critical to the future of Web3, will be built on AR/VR, a key component of Web3.
What makes Web3 different from its predecessors?
Web3 has its own built-in payments and is self-governing, stable and robust. It has the following properties:
Using blockchain, no single organization can access all the information on Web3. It is distributed to various platforms. It supports distributed access as well as failover detection.
Users do not need to be authenticated to use the Internet with Web3. Certain services are available to users without requiring them to provide any personal information about themselves. No need to give up privacy or give away any other information.
Web 3.0 is more secure than Web 2.0 because decentralization makes it harder for hackers to target specific information sites.
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